The SAT is also known as the Standardized Aptitude Test and is taken by students who are applying to universities for pursuing their undergraduate degrees. SAT is managed by the college board an independent established non-profit organization that owns and manages SAT examinations.

The SAT is structured for evaluating an individual’s language and mathematical skills with test sections like Reading, Writing, Analyzing, and Math. The scores of SAT test of reading, writing and language, and Math is measured on a score band from 10-40. The overall score is measured in the range of 400-1600.

The SAT Essay is optional but there are few colleges that require SAT Essay Scores. SAT Essay score is measured in a 2-8 score band. Based on the SAT scores, colleges decide if the student is fit for undertaking their syllabus and if accepting the student would be the right decision.

The SAT is all about the skills and knowledge needed to be successful in college. By studying for the SAT, you are sharpening important skills at the heart of education.

The SAT Math section

This section does not just place an emphasis on geometry problems, rather it focuses on algebra, solving equations, and data interpretation from tables and graphs.

It also tests the students on how to:

  • Use multiple steps to simplify an expression or equation or solve for a variable.
  • Solve for a variable within functions or systems of inequalities with two variables.
  • Select a graph that shows an algebraic equation, or, on the flip side, choose the equation that describes a graph.
  • Indicate how a graph would be affected by a given change in its equation.
  • Determine whether a given point is in a solution set or what value would make an expression have no solution.

The Math section also focuses on testing students on advanced math topics such as quadratic equations, exponential expressions, and word problems. A student must be able to: Solve equations by factoring or using other methods to rewrite them in another form.

  • Add, subtract, multiply, or divide two rational expressions or divide two polynomial expressions and simplify your results.
  • Select a graph that matches a nonlinear equation or an equation that corresponds to a graph.
  • Determine the equation of a curve from a description of a graph.
  • Figure out how a graph would change if its equation changed.
  • A major portion of the test includes testing students to work on ratios, percentages, data, graphs, and rates. Some questions include needing to know how to Estimate populations based on sample data.
  • Certain tasks also include using statistics to determine the accuracy of a data collection method, mean, median, mode, range, and/or standard deviation.

The test has been evolving to be aligned with classroom learning and real-world skills, the word problems are be grounded in realistic situations that students might encounter in real life.

The SAT English Section

The English section requires foundational knowledge of English and is largely strategy-based.

There are four passages that can appear in any order, except for the literary narrative: that always comes first. There is usually one Dual passage – a passage that contains two shorter excerpts from different pieces, mostly based on history, social science, or natural science–never a literary narrative.

Most passages are contemporary but there are nineteenth- or twentieth-century novel excerpts, 18th or 19th-century speeches, or selections of founding documents or federalist papers.


The College Board has designed the SAT Evidence-based Reading section to ensure students really work to find evidence for every answer they select. Evidence is used to back up or refute arguments, and it helps us to make decisions at work. Using evidence allows us to work out what is effective and what is not. A key aspect that the College Board has chosen to focus on developing.

The Writing & Language section requires content knowledge and understanding of effective writing principles. Half of this section focuses on grammar and punctuation while the latter focuses on writing effective introductions & conclusions, using appropriate transition words, and analyzing evidence.

Expression of Ideas questions include the following:

  • Ordering (sentences within a paragraph)
  • Words in Context
  • Introductions
  • Conclusions
  • Evidence/Examples
  • Transition Words
  • Concise Writing

Punctuation questions often test the effective use of:

  • Commas
  • Semicolons
  • Colons
  • Long
  • Dashes
  • Apostrophes
  • Parentheses – Use of Brackets

Miscellaneous grammar topics include:

  • Prepositions
  • Idioms
  • Pronouns
  • Modifiers
  • Parallelism

University Acceptance

Universities want to ensure that all accepted students will be able to complete each of their graduation requirements, so showing that you are capable of work across all SAT sections improves the chances of being accepted.

The College Board states that the SAT is intended to measure literacy, numeracy, and writing skills that are needed for academic success in college. They state that the SAT assesses how well the test-takers analyze and solve problems—skills they learned in school that they will need in college

GPA plays a major role in the college admissions process

For students whose GPA/ academic performance is not adequate, performing well on the SAT/ and or ACT can help enhance your academic transcripts and encourage college admissions officers to overlook certain weaknesses you may present in some areas. Taking the SAT thus demonstrates that you are willing to put effort to excel in college.

Scores May Determine Placement in University

Admission tests like the SAT evaluate the reading, writing and math skills you’ll need in college. So some colleges use scores to place students in classes that are at the right level for them.

Scores can also be used to identify students who may benefit from specific advisors or academic support in college.

Improves outlook on the resume

SAT Score definitely polishes up the resume especially if a student is on the lookout for their first job. Under the education section of the resume write a sentence about your SAT score and ensure to provide documentation and proof of your accomplishment.

A perfect score would indicate to an employed that they are a person who can easily learn and retain information.